Types Of Sleep Apnea

SleepDisorderCure.net - There are different types of sleep apnea, which is a disease that will disturb the airflow during your sleep time. There are three types of sleep apnea and those are obstructive sleep apnea, central sleep apnea, and the mix of both or complex sleep apnea. Between those three, the complex sleep apnea is the most dangerous. So, here are things you should know about those types of sleep apnea.

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Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Obstructive sleep apnea or OSA in short, is the most common type suffered by people around the world. A statistic said that approximately 4% men and 2% women are affected by the OSA. The surprise is that only 10% of all people who suffer from OSA seek treatment.

What are the symptoms of obstructive sleep apneas?
Some common symptoms can happened during sleep as a partial or complete blockage of the airflow may lead into obstructive sleep apnea. On normal people, a person’s throat muscle will be relaxed, allowing the tongue and fatty tissues of the throat to fall slightly behind and blocking airways and airflow partially or completely. A person who suffers from sleep apnea will have his airflow blocked, not allowing brain to receive normal blood flow and air needed. This is a sign to the body to partially wake up and taking some breaths in order to maintain blood flow to brain. During this process, he/she will do a loud gasping, choking, or snorting sounds to allow him/her to get enough air and fight through the obstruction. After the process is done, the brain will make the body sleep again, but the process can occur many times, depending on the severity of the sleep apnea.


What is central sleep apnea?

Central sleep apnea is a disease where the brain cannot signal the muscle that responsible for controlling breathing system. While obstructive sleep apnea is considered as an organ or mechanical failure, central sleep apnea will mess your nerve system and causing communication problem between brain and muscles. The disease is less common than obstructive sleep apnea with only 20% of all sleep apnea patients suffer from central sleep apnea. Medical problems and certain conditions that affect the brainstem often time causing a person suffer from central sleep apnea. The damage to the brainstem will determine the types of central sleep apnea and symptoms.

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The symptoms of central sleep apnea

During sleep a person will experience irregular or stop breathing for a short time. Shortness of breath that leads to waking up is possible for CSA sufferer. Excessive daytime drowsiness caused by low quality sleep will haunt CSA sufferer. Another symptoms of CSA are chronic fatigue, restless sleep, morning headaches, and difficulty in concentrating.

Another case is a combination of OSA and CSA, which is a complex sleep apnea
Just like the name said, this is a combination between OSA and CSA, also known as complex sleep apnea. Patients of OSA that use CPAP machines treatments will have possibilities to suffer from complex sleep apnea. This disease also can develop during the central sleep apnea cPAP therapy. SO complex sleep apnea is an extended sleep apnea caused by the medication from either OSA or CSA.

The three types of apnea are all dangerous. OSA is the most common disease among those three and can develop into mixed sleep apnea if the medication is poorly handled. All those types of sleep apnea are dangerous and should be treated evenly.

Read also:  How to Define Sleep Apnea

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